A history of the electoral college in the united states of america

History[ edit ] Article Two of the United States Constitution originally established the method of presidential elections, including the Electoral College. This was a result of a compromise between those constitutional framers who wanted the Congress to choose the president, and those who preferred a national popular vote.

A history of the electoral college in the united states of america

Visit Website Departing from the monarchical tradition of Britain, the founding fathers of the United States created a system in which the American people had the power and responsibility to select their leader. Under this new order, George Washington, the first U. At the time, only white men who owned property could vote, but the 15th, 19th and 26th Amendments to the Constitution have since expanded the right of suffrage to all citizens over Taking place every four years, presidential campaigns and elections have evolved into a series of fiercely fought, and sometimes controversial, contests, now played out in the hour news cycle.

The stories behind each election—some ending in landslide victories, others decided by the narrowest of margins—provide a roadmap to the events of U.

George Washington — unopposed The first presidential election was held on the first Wednesday of January in No one contested the election of George Washingtonbut he remained reluctant to run until the last minute, in part because he believed seeking the office would be dishonorable.

Only when Alexander Hamilton and others convinced him that it would be dishonorable to refuse did he agree to run. The Constitution allowed each state to decide how to choose its presidential electors. Inonly Pennsylvania and Maryland held elections for this purpose; elsewhere, the state legislatures chose the electors.

This method caused some problems in New Yorkwhich was so divided between Federalists who supported the new Constitution and Antifederalists who opposed it that the legislature failed to choose either presidential electors or U.

Before the adoption of the Twelfth Amendment, each elector cast two votes for president. The candidate with a majority won the presidency, and the runner-up became vice president.

Most Federalists agreed that John Adams should be vice president. But Hamilton feared that if Adams was the unanimous choice, he would end in a tie with Washington and might even become president, an outcome that would be highly embarrassing for both Washington and the new electoral system.

George Washington — unopposed As inpersuading George Washington to run was the major difficulty in selecting a president in Washington complained of old age, sickness, and the increasing hostility of the Republican press toward his administration.

The press attacks were symptomatic of the increasing split within the government between Federalists, who were coalescing around Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, and Republicans, forming around Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson.

James Madisonamong others, convinced Washington to continue as president by arguing that only he could hold the government together. Speculation then shifted to the vice presidency. Hamilton and the Federalists supported the reelection of John Adams.

Republicans favored New York governor George Clinton, but Federalists feared him partly because of a widespread belief that his recent election to the governorship was fraudulent. In addition, the Federalists feared that Clinton would belittle the importance of the federal government by retaining his governorship while serving as vice president.

Only electoral votes are recorded here, because most states still did not select presidential electors by popular vote. Nor was there a separate vote for president and vice president until the Twelfth Amendment took effect in Thomas Jefferson The election, which took place against a background of increasingly harsh partisanship between Federalists and Republicans, was the first contested presidential race.

The First Design

The Republicans called for more democratic practices and accused the Federalists of monarchism. The Republicans sympathized with revolutionary France, but not necessarily with the Jacobins.

Republicans favored a decentralized agrarian republic; Federalists called for the development of commerce and industry. State legislatures still chose electors in most states, and there was no separate vote for vice president.

Each elector cast two votes for president, with the runner-up becoming vice president. Thomas Jefferson was the Republican standard-bearer, with Aaron Burr as his running mate.

Alexander Hamilton, always intriguing against Adams, tried to throw some votes to Jefferson in order to elect Pinckney president. Instead, Adams won with 71 votes; Jefferson became vice president, with 68; Pinckney came in third with 59; Burr received only 30; and 48 votes went to various other candidates.

John Adams The significance of the election lay in the fact that it entailed the first peaceful transfer of power between parties under the U. This peaceful transfer occurred despite defects in the Constitution that caused a breakdown of the electoral system.

During the campaign, Federalists attacked Jefferson as an un-Christian deist, tainted by his sympathy for the increasingly bloody French Revolution. Unfortunately, the system still provided no separate votes for president and vice president, and Republican managers failed to deflect votes from their vice-presidential candidate, Aaron Burr.

Therefore, Jefferson and Burr tied with 73 votes each; Adams received 65 votes, his vice-presidential candidate, Charles C.

The Reason for the Electoral College - caninariojana.com

Pinckney, 64, and John Jay, 1. This result threw the election into the House of Representativeswhere each state had one vote, to be decided by the majority of its delegation.Who would win the Electoral College if state borders reflected the way we live today?

What If, America. Who would win the electoral college if state borders reflected the way we live today? Artist and urban planner Neil Freeman has been redrawing the United States for years. His “Electoral College Reform Map” imagined 50 states with.

History of Electoral College of the United States of America Essay - History of Electoral College The formation of the Electoral college can be attributed to the difficulties the Founding Fathers of the United States experienced regarding how to elect a president.

The electoral college is actually a uniquely ingenious invention used to ensure states rights, guaranteeing that the United States remain a group of united individual states functioning together as unified Federation, as opposed to a single nation.

The Electoral College Today; When Americans vote for a President and Vice President, they are actually voting for presidential electors, known collectively as the electoral college.

It is these electors, chosen by the people, who elect the chief executive. This page links to the results of those historical elections, including a larger map, results and synopsis of the race.

An interactive version of each map is also available, letting you change history.

A history of the electoral college in the united states of america

To view maps and results from all prior presidential elections on a single page, see this historical elections timeline. Learn about the Presidential election process, including the Electoral College, caucuses and primaries, and the national conventions. Skip to main content. An official website of the United States government.

Here's how you know Lots of people dream of becoming President of the United States.

Electoral College - HISTORY