Southeast asia

The land has been subjected to a considerable amount of faultingfolding, uplifting, and volcanic activity over geologic timeand much of the region is mountainous. There are marked structural differences between the mainland and insular portions of the region. Mainland Southeast Asia The mainland is characterized by a series of generally north—south-trending mountain ranges separated by a number of major river valleys and their associated deltas. In many ways these ranges resemble ribs in a fan, where the interstices are deep trenches carved by the rivers.

Southeast asia

Rice terraces in BanauePhilippines Tourism destination, the crater of Mount Bromo in East JavaIndonesia Southeast Asia is one of the world's most popular tourist destinations, and for a reason: While its history and modern-day politics are complex, most of it is also quite safe for the traveller and easy to travel around in.

History[ edit ] Pre-historic Southeast Asia was largely underpopulated. A process of immigration from India across the Bay of Bengal is referred to as the process of Indianization.

Exactly how and when it happened is contested; however, Southeast asia population of the mainland region largely happened through immigration from India.

The Sanskrit script still used as the basis for modern Thai, Lao, Burmese and Khmer has its roots from this process. On the other hand, population of the archipelegos of East Timor, Indonesia and the Philippines, as well as Malaysia on the mainland is thought to have come about though immigration from Taiwan.

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Pre-colonial period[ edit ] Before the arrival of European invaders and colonists, Southeast Asia was home to several powerful kingdoms. European colonial era[ edit ] Southeast Asian history is very diverse and often tumultuous, and has to an important extent been shaped by European colonialism.

The very term Southeast Asia was invented by American Naval strategists around Southeast Asia was prior to WWII referred to with reference to the colonial powers; farther India for Burma and Thailandwith reference to the main British colony of India, although Thailand was never formally colonized; Indochina referred to the French colonies of CambodiaVietnam and Laoswhile Indonesia and parts of Southeast asia Southeast Asia was referred to as the Dutch East Indies.

Southeast asia

Sarawakon the other hand was known as the Kingdom of Sarawak and ruled by a Southeast asia family known as the White Rajahs. Brunei was also made into a British protectorate, with the British taking charge of its defence and foreign affairs.

The Philippines was named the Spanish East Indies during the initial period of Spanish colonial rule, and later came to be known by its current name in honour of King Philip II of Spain, a name which stuck even after the islands were transferred from Spanish to American colonial rule.

East Timor was colonized by Portugal for years, then occupied by Indonesia for 27 years before becoming the first nation to gain independence in the 21st century. World War II was disastrous to Southeast Asia, and also saw the beginning of the end of European colonialism, as the European powers surrendered to Japan one by one in disgrace.

By the end ofthe Japanese had conquered virtually the whole of Southeast Asia, with only Thailand remaining unconquered, as the Thais signed a treaty of friendship with the Japanese which allowed the Japanese to establish military bases in Thailand, and allowed Japanese troops free passage through Thailand.

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The Japanese occupation was a time of great hardship for many of the natives, as the Japanese took all the resources for themselves, and exploited many of the locals for their own gain. However, the Japanese occupation convinced many locals that the European powers were not invincible after all, and allowed the independence movements to gain pace.

After the war, the decolonisation process started in Southeast Asia, with the Americans granting independence to the Philippines inwhile the British granted independence to Burma infollowed by Malaya in and eventually Singapore, Sarawak and North Borneo inwhich federated with Malaya to form Malaysia.

After some ideological conflicts, Singapore was expelled from Malaysia in and became a sovereign state. On the other hand, the Dutch and the French fought bloody wars in an effort to hold on to their colonies, most of which ended in humiliating defeats for the European colonial powers, eventually leading to the Indonesia gaining independence from the Dutch inand Indochina from the French, which became the three separate countries of Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam in European colonialism came to an end in Southeast Asia inwhen Brunei was granted full independence by the British.

Indonesia occupied East Timor in after it declared independence from the Portuguese following a coup in Portugal, and only left in following a United Nations referendum.

East Timor was then occupied by a United Nations peacekeeping force, before finally becoming independent in For at least two thousand years and to this daySoutheast Asia has been a conduit for trade between India and China, but large-scale Chinese immigration only began with the advent of the colonial era.

In Singapore, the Chinese form a majority of the population, but there are substantial Chinese minorities, assimilated to varying degrees, across all countries in the region. In recent years, Southeast Asia is acknowledged as having a relatively high rate of economic growth, with MalaysiaIndonesiaThailand and the Philippines often being called the "New Asian Tigers", and Vietnam also recording double digit growth rates in recent years.

Nevertheless, despite being one of the most resource rich regions in the world all Southeast Asian countries except Singapore are considered to be resource richwidespread corruption means that poverty is still an issue in many countries, which much of the wealth concentrated in the hands of a few elite.

Climate[ edit ] Southeast Asia is mostly tropical with some subtropical highlands in the North: The wet season usually occurs in winter, and the hot season in summer, although there are significant local variations.

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However, even in the "wet" season, the typical pattern is sunny mornings with a short but torrential shower in the afternoon, not all-day drizzle, so this alone should not discourage you from travel. Southeast Asia is also home to many mountains, and conditions are generally cooler in the highlands.

Some of the highest mountains in Indonesia, Vietnam and Myanmar are so high that snow falls every year, and Indonesia and Myanmar are even home to permanent glaciers. In MalaysiaBruneiSingapore and parts of Indonesia notably Sumatra and Borneo and the Philippines notably Palawanhaze from forest fires usually set intentionally to clear land is a frequent phenomenon in the dry season from May to October.

Southeast asia

Haze comes and goes rapidly with the wind, but Singapore's National Environment Agency has useful online maps [1] of the current situation in the entire region. AngkorCambodia Southeast Asia's culture is dominantly influenced by the Indians and Chinese as well as its colonizers.

Thai, Burmese, Cambodian and Lao culture is heavily Indianized as well as Chinese-influenced in areas such as faith, folklore, language and writing. Malaysia and Indonesia are also influenced by the Indians, Malays and Chinese with a touch of Arab culture due to the large Muslim populations.

Vietnam is the most Chinese-influenced country while Brunei's culture is Malay-influenced. East Timor's culture is influenced notably by the Portuguese and the Malays.

Singaporean and Philippine cultures are the most diverse: Singaporean is a mix of Malay, Indian, Peranakan, British, American and Chinese cultures while the Philippines is heavily influenced by American, Spanish, Malay, Japanese, Portuguese and Chinese culture with less influence from the Indians, Mexicans and other Europeans, making it as the most westernized nation in the region.

Religion[ edit ] Southeast Asia is religiously diverse.The road to universal energy access Electrification is a success story in Southeast Asia. Extending connections to those without access to electricity is a top priority for policy-makers in Southeast Asia.

Map of Southeast Asia Region About the Southeast Asia Region Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia, roughly be described as geographically situated east of the Indian subcontinent, south of China and north of Australia, between the Indian Ocean (in west) and the .

Southeast Asia is a collection of related but dissimilar states squeezed between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The area has long been a favorite corner of the world for globe-tramping backpackers, well-known for its perfect beaches, tasty cuisine, low prices, and good air caninariojana.comd In: Asia.

Southeast Asia consists of eleven countries that reach from eastern India to China, and is generally divided into “mainland” and “island” zones. The mainland (Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam) is actually an extension of the Asian continent. Muslims can be found in all mainland. Tuk tuks, temples, sizzling street food and remote tropical islands: discover the best of Southeast Asia with Rough Guides. Our intrepid authors have trekked, cycled and snorkelled from Bali to Myanmar, seeking out the best-value guesthouses, activities and restaurants.3/5(1). Southeast Asia, vast region of Asia situated east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China. It consists of two dissimilar portions: a continental projection (commonly called mainland Southeast Asia) and a string of archipelagoes to the south and east of the mainland (insular Southeast Asia).

Southeast Asia, vast region of Asia situated east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China. It consists of two dissimilar portions: a continental projection (commonly called mainland Southeast Asia) and a string of archipelagoes to the south and east of the mainland (insular Southeast Asia).

Southeast Asia, vast region of Asia situated east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China. It consists of two dissimilar portions: a continental projection (commonly called mainland Southeast Asia) and a string of archipelagoes to the south and east of the mainland (insular Southeast Asia).

Southeast Asia consists of eleven countries that reach from eastern India to China, and is generally divided into “mainland” and “island” zones. The mainland (Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam) is actually an extension of the Asian continent.

Muslims can be found in all mainland.

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