Saul McLeodpublishedupdated Developmental psychology is a scientific approach which aims to explain growth, change and consistency though the lifespan. A significant proportion of theories within this discipline focus upon development during childhood, as this is the period during an individual's lifespan when the most change occurs. Developmental psychologists study a wide range of theoretical areas, such as biological, social, emotion, and cognitive processes.
Howard Gardner Quoting from Gardner [Online]: Howard Gardner is the John H. He has been awarded eighteen honorary degrees--including degrees from Princeton University, McGill University and Tel Aviv University on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the state of Israel.
Inhe was the first American to receive the University of Louisville's Grawemeyer Award in education. In he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship. The author of eighteen books and several hundred articles, Gardner is best known in educational circles for his theory of multiple intelligences, a critique of the notion that there exists but a single human intelligence that can be assessed by standard psychometric Two developmental theories of intelligence essay.
During the past fifteen years, he and colleagues at Project Zero have been working on the design of performance-based assessments, education for understanding, and the use of multiple intelligences to achieve more personalized curriculum, instruction, and assessment.
Most recently, Gardner and his colleagues have launched the Good Work Project. Researchers are examining how individuals who wish to carry out good work succeed in doing so during a time when conditions are changing very quickly, market forces are very powerful, and our sense of time and space is being radically altered by technologies, such as the web.
Gardner is the author of eighteen books which have been translated into twenty languages. His two most recent books are The Disciplined Mind: David Perkins Quoting from Perkins [Online]: David Perkins received his Ph.
The project was initially concerned with the psychology and philosophy of education in the arts, and later broadened to encompass cognitive development and cognitive skills in both humanistic and scientific domains.
He has conducted long-term programs of research and development in the areas of teaching and learning for understanding, creativity, problem-solving and reasoning in the arts, sciences, and everyday life. He has also studied the role of educational technologies in teaching and learning, and has designed learning structures and strategies in organizations to facilitate personal and organizational understanding and intelligence.
These inquiries reflect a conception of mind that emphasizes the interlocking relationships among thinking, learning, and understanding. The three depend deeply on one another. Meaningful learning aims at understanding and depends on thinking with and about what one is learning.
Effective thinking in the subject matters and in general involves understanding the resources of the mind and learning to deploy them sensitively and systematically.
Robert Sternberg The following quote from Sternberg's resume provides a good overview of his approach to the study of intelligence. My research is motivated primarily by a theory of successful intelligence, which attempts to account for the intellectual sources of individual differences that enable people to achieve success in their lives, given the sociocultural context in which they live.
Successfully intelligent people discern their strengths and weaknesses, and then figure out how to capitalize on their strengths, and to compensate for or remediate their weaknesses. Successfully intelligent individuals succeed in part because they achieve a functional balance among a "triarchy" of abilities: Successfully intelligent people are not necessarily high in all three of these abilities, but find a way effectively to exploit whatever pattern of abilities they may have.
Moreover, all of these abilities can be further developed. A fundamental idea underlying this research is that conventional notions of intelligence and tests of intelligence miss important kinds of intellectual talent, and overweigh what are sometimes less important kinds of intellectual talent.
The article Sternberg, Summer is particularly interesting to the field of IT and education, as it focuses on how technology including calculators and computers,m but also other forms of technology such as radio and TV has been increasing intelligence.
He writes about many and varied topics in the field of technology in education and in other areas. Harvard Project Zero [Online]. Quoting from the Website: Project Zero's mission is to understand and enhance learning, thinking, and creativity in the arts, as well as humanistic and scientific disciplines, at the individual and institutional levels.
Quoting from the Website, some of the goals of Project Zero include: Hunt, Earl July-August Quoting from the article: A central question in the debate is whether or not mental competence is a single ability, applicable in many settings, or whether competence is produced by specialized abilities, which a person may or may not possess independently.Theories of Intelligence Abstract Theories of intelligence have been studied and researched by numerous psychologists.
This essay will discuss the different theories, the person(s) who formulated them, and the relevance of each. Learn about some of the best-known theories of child development. Menu. Child Development Theories and Examples.
Share Flip Email Search the site GO. More in Theories Developmental Psychology Behavioral Psychology Unlike many other developmental theories, Two important types of learning that emerged from this . Theories of intelligence also form the basis of attempts to measure and quantify human ability and intellectual potential, with far-reaching implications for learning, program design, and team building, among countless other areas.
Theories of Intelligence Abstract Theories of intelligence have been studied and researched by numerous psychologists. This essay will discuss the different theories, the person(s) who formulated them, and the relevance of each. Theories of intelligence also form the basis of attempts to measure and quantify Cattell built upon Spearman’s g to posit two kinds of g: fluid intelligence (Gf), the ability to solve novel problems by using reasoning—believed by as well as neurocognitive and developmental data, were suggesting more than just these two general.
Comparison of Cognitive Development Theories. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: With this essay I will compare and contrast each theorist’s views on the nature or development of intelligence.
I shall also compare their views on the stages of development from birth through adolescence. With an option of the two theories, I think I.