Why are the factors of production important to economic growth?
Language gives a sense of identity to an individual as well as a social group and, in the process, creates multiple identities.
The maintenance, merger, clash and change in identities based on and reflected in the language change has prompted linguists, philosophers, psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists and political scientists to study language in its multifarious dimensions.
Since economic and societal planning have to, of necessity, take into account the context of planning, there is no wonder that worldwide attention has been drawn towards language planning. Language is an asset and a primary instrument of human communication.
However, language can become a problem and a barrier to communication, sometimes symbolically so, under conditions of multiplicity of ethnic groups, languages, dialects, styles, registers and scripts. These conditions may lead to one or more of the following situations which necessitate language planning: There is an urgent need for serious attention to language planning in a country like India.
The following examples are illustrative of situations which demand the attention of educationists and planners to the crucial importance of language in society.
Sometime back, the Physics Department of the Aligarh University administered a standardised creativity test to the high achievers of the University. To their great surprise they found the result absolutely erratic. After hurried consultations among the scientists involved, it was decided to translate the test into HindiUrdu, the mother tongue of the students taking the test.
It is only then that the test yielded the expected standard result2. A very significant programme, the preparation of a Bridge Course in Kannada, was undertaken by the Central Institute of Indian Languages some years back.
From experience and observation the Institute came to a few conclusions: Language teaching, particularly that of teaching the mother tongue in the Indian schools, is defective 2. What is taught in the name of language is literature.
The teaching of literature is restricted to the teaching of ancient and medieval literature and seldom touches the contemporary. Even in literature, more emphasis is given to teaching about literature than really teaching literary sensibility and critical judgment.
No attention is paid to the teaching of different registers. As a result, there is a gap between the language attainment at the end of the school stage and the language requirement at the beginning of the college stage, particularly when taught through the mother tongue medium.
As a result of this, the students cannot cope with their college studies. Some students selected from three Universities of Karnataka were given a pre-test. A hundred-hour Bridge Course developed by the Institute was offered to an experimental group of about students and a post-test given to all the It was established that the hypotheses suggested by the institute were valid and that, pending revision of the school curriculum, the Bridge Course was of immediate necessity, particularly in the context of switchover to the mother tongue medium at the University stage Upadhyaya and Dave In Nagaland, there are 22 mutually unintelligible Naga languages, of which 16 recognised by the State Government.Language Planning Introduction Some Basic issues A Variety of Situations Some other Voices.
Language planning (also known as language engineering) is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure, or acquisition of languages or language variety within a speech community.
Alicia Miller is the Language Development Coordinator at Whitby. Her passion for languages started at age 10 with her first Spanish class and led her to studying Spanish, Russian, Polish, German and .
THE FACTORS INFLUENCING LANGUAGE PLANNING One of those factors that influence language planninglinguistic factor. Linguistic factors can be regarded as those that areneeded to be considered on the part of a language in relation toother languages. Now let's understand why planning is important for organization: Increases efficiency: Planning makes optimum utilization of all available resources. It helps to reduce wastage of . Countries of particular language-planning interest. the national language in any domain has to be regarded as being a linguistic problem. In fact, every region in the following important parameters: the number of speakers, the dialectal variation, the degree of.
The third reason language planning is important to a country is that language planning determines how language or languages will be acquired, or taught, in the national educational systems. Language, of course, is knowledge, and in our world today knowledge is one of the key factors in competitiveness.
Brains and knowledge are what create the prosperity and . factors to consider for international marketing International marketing is very different from domestic marketing. There are a whole host of issues when marketing internationally that a business does not normally have to deal with when marketing in their own country.